NFTs Used to Serve Court Papers in Victory Against Hackers

A hacking victim has submitted court papers as NFTs and won the case. The ruling took place last week, where the plaintiff, who goes by the name Rangan Bandyopadhyay, lost almost $1 million in USDT in a hacking scheme back in December 2021. The perpetrators of the crime remain anonymous; however, according to the plaintiff’s attorney, they are confident they will recover the lost funds.

Bandyopadhyay claims to have been tricked by fraudsters into linking his Coinbase wallet to a fake liquidity mining pool. The hackers proceeded to drain $971,291 in USDT from the wallet and move it around before eventually sending it to a Binance exchange pool.

Given that the identity and residence of the hackers are unknown, Judge Beth Bloom of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida allowed the plaintiff to serve the perpetrators with court documents using NFTs. This happened using the same on-chain addresses the hackers used to drain funds from Bandyopadhyay’s wallet.

Additionally, the judge ordered the hackers to pay an equivalent amount back to the plaintiff plus any interest accrued over time.

The First Instance Of NFTs Serving As A Form Of Legal Notification In US

Hackers take advantage of blockchain’s anonymity features to steal from unsuspecting individuals. However, the technology boosts transparency and traceability when it comes to transactions. And this is what made it possible for the plaintiff to serve the court papers to the fraudsters using NFTs through the same address they used to steal his funds.

Also, it’s the reason Fernando Bobadilla, the plaintiff’s attorney, is confident of getting at least a portion of the funds back. Speaking to the press, he notes, “These fraudsters are usually outfits outside of the United States, and everything that they tell the victim is a lie about their own identity. But what they can’t hide is the transfer of the funds via the blockchain. The ledger is there, and they can’t hide.”

Now it remains to be seen if Bandyopadhyay will get his funds back. By filing the court papers as NFTs, it’s the first incident of its kind where a federal court judge in the US has acknowledged non-fungible tokens as a form of legal notification.


  • Basil Kimathi

    Basil is an avid fan of blockchain technology and all its innovations, and he is passionate about sharing this narrative with his audience. He has spent over five years in the crypto space, specializing in research and creating fintech content for various media outlets around the globe. His work has been published on top websites such as, European Blockchain Convention, NFTNewsToday,,, and many others. When not thinking about disruptive technologies, Basil is busy exploring the outdoors.

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